Self Install Home Security System
Planning the Layout Correctly
There are many steps to installing your own
burglar alarm system
but the most important step is to think about the layout and plan precisely where
the components of the system will go.
It is vital that a floor plan layout of your house is drawn up as this will help
decide the areas that are to be covered and where to correctly position devices
for the alarm system. You must pay particular attention to your entry/exit points
such as windows, doors and other vulnerable parts of your property. By analyzing
this information you can decide what type of
are required such as PIR or magnetic etc... and also what type of alarm panel is
best suited for the zones that are needed.
It is best to choose an alarm control panel that allows expansion in the future
for extra zones. Next, determine the best position for your control panel. Your
panel will most likely have a keypad or be remote controlled and its best to locate
the panel near to your usual entry/exit door in your property. Decide how and where
to mount the sensors, as well as the easiest and neatest method of running the cables
back to the control panel.
Consider where to install the alarm/siren box and decide do you want it to be visible
externally. It is worth making it visible as this puts off potential burglars –
before they think about entering your property. The siren should be placed high
enough on the property to be out of easy reach.
You have the option of making the control panel on display or to hide it in a cupboard.
You could install an additional, smaller, neater looking keypad on view and hide
the large control panel out of sight.
Finally, consider if you would like additional safety protection such as smoke detectors
or carbon monoxide detectors as now is an ideal opportunity to consider these extras.
Installing the Security Sensors and Running the Cabling
Firstly, keep cable runs well away from mains cabling and plumbing and when drilling
holes through the joists and walls, you will need to think about how many cables
will be running through the hole so make sure the diameter is big enough.
Do not use existing holes that have mains cabling running through them. Only mount
the alarm siren, control panel, additional keypad and security sensors after all
cables are laid and are in place.
Always remember to leave a few feet spare when running the cables to each sensor
position. This is to allow for final positioning, stripping and terminating in case
your have any problems. You can push any slack back into the ceiling.
Make the correct choice of cable. Use either a 6 or 8 core cable in a continuous
run from each sensor to the main panel. Leave suitable slack at each end but try
and hide the cabling out of sight such as under skirting boards or under floorboards.
Your PIR sensor will generally require 6 core cabling (but refer to manufacturers
instructions). These are usually 2 cables for power, 2 for the alarm loop and 2
for the tamper loop.
The magnetic switch sensor does not need power so 4 core cabling would be sufficient,
2 for the alarm loop and 2 for the tamper loop. But it would be wise to install
a higher core cable that is required as you may want to change sensors in the future
that may require the extra cores.
The alarm siren uses 6 wires – 2 for power, 1 for the strobe trigger, 1 for the
siren trigger and 2 for the tamper loop.
You will want to fit shock sensors to the areas in your property that can be accessed
through forced entry such as a window frame or door. Regular magnetic door contacts
can only detect the door or window being opened. But if the door or window was forced
open by kicking it then it would be sensible to fit shock sensors rather than magnetic
Magnetic door contacts are often fitted to all external doors but may be fitted
to any vulnerable door or window as required.
The wiring for the remote keypads can vary from 3 to 10 wires depending on the make
and model of the alarm system.
Don't settle for anything less than an ADT security system for protecting your home.